Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts such as a key to let blood sugar into cells for utilize as energy. If you have prediabetes, the cells in your body don’t respond normally to insulin. Your pancreas makes more insulin to try to getting cells to respond. Eventually your pancreas can’t keep up, and your blood sugar rises, set the stage for prediabetes—and type 2 diabetes down the road.
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Signs and Symptoms
You do have prediabetes for years but have no transparent symptoms, so it often goes undetected until serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes shown up. It’s important to talk to your doctor about getting your blood sugar tested if you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes, which includes:
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• Being overweight
• Being 45 years or older
• Having a parent, sister or brother with type 2 diabetes
• Being physically active lesser than 3 times a week
• Ever having gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) or give birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds
Having polycystic ovary syndrome
ethnicity and Race are also a factor: African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and certain Asian Americans are at high risk.
Healthy lifestyle choices do support you bring your blood sugar level back to normal, or at least keep it from rising towards the level seen in type 2 diabetes.
To block prediabetes from progress to type 2 diabetes, try to:
• Eat healthy foods. A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, olive oil and whole grains is connected with a lower risk of prediabetes. Select foods low in calories and fat and higher in fiber. Eat a variety of foods to support you achieve your goals without compromising nutrition or taste.
• Be more active. Physical activity support you control your weight, utilizes up sugar for energy and helping the body utilize insulin more effectively. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of robust aerobic activity a week, or a combination of vigorous and moderate exercise.
• Lost out excess weight. If you’re overweight, losing just 7% to 5% of your body weight — about 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms) if you weigh 200 pounds (91 kilograms) — can significantly lessen the risk of type 2 diabetes. To keep your weight in a healthy range, aim on permanent changes to your exercise habits and eating.
• Stop smoking. Stop smoking do refine the manner insulin works, refining your blood sugar level.
• Take medications as required. If you’re at high risk of diabetes, your health care provider might suggest metformin (Glumetza). Medications to control high blood pressure and cholesterol might also be prescribed.
Prediabetes and Children treatment
Children with prediabetes must follow the lifestyle changes suggested for adults with type 2 diabetes, including:
• Losing weight
• Eating fewer refined fats and carbohydrates, and more fiber
• Reduce portion sizes
• Eat out less often
• Spend at least one hour every day in physical activity
Medication generally isn’t suggested for kids with prediabetes unless lifestyle changes aren’t improving blood sugar levels. If medication is required, metformin is usually the suggested drug.
There is a difference between prediabetes and diabetes
Prediabetes denotes a person’s blood sugar is high than the normal range (70 to 100), but still below the diabetic range (126 and higher). A fasting blood glucose level of 100 to 125 sybolize prediabetes.
Family history do influence your risk
There is a significant genetic component to diabetes, signifying a family history might increase your chances of creating the disease.
There are matters you can do to block diabetes
Just as your grandparent or parent has diabetes doesn’t signify you’re destined for a life journey of injections and pills, especially if you consistently making great choices about what you drink and eat, and how often you exercise.
“The things you do every day have an influence,”
Losing weight do significantly lower your risk
Diabetics have a resistance to insulin, which regulate blood glucose levels. The more sensitive your body is to insulin, the good it is able to regulate blood glucose. Being obese reduces your insulin sensitivity.
Losing weight if you are obese or overweight is one of the good stuff you can do to reverse prediabetes.
Exercise do also cut your risk
Dr. Akinmade suggests individuals with prediabetes:
• Exercise 45 to 30 minutes most days of the week.
• Eating a healthy diet. Ignore simple eat and carbohydrates more vegetables, fiber and fresh fruit.
Prediabetes is pretty reversible
There’s good news as numerous studies have shown up [type 2] diabetes is totally preventable, It can be reduced to a large extent by your daily choices: what you eat, how often you exercise and by maintain healthy habits.