Past medical approaches have founded upon a policy of “one size fits all”, apply the similar treatments to those with the similar diseases. However, this has numerous limitations as there are a complete range of disease contributing factors, including environments and genetics, which impacts the success of certain medications
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Personalized medicine Advantages
There are numerous advantages to the personalized medicine applications within healthcare. Foremostly, this approach could be used to diagnose and detect diseases in a highly particular manner, categorize them by genetic variation rather than by manifestation. This permit treatments which are increasingly effective and specific, refining the prognosis of many.
Add on, genomic analysis do reveal genetic variations which do guided drug dosage, signify that patients do get minimal side effects maximal drug benefit. This has been applied to a complete range of diseases so far, like cancer, inflammatory and mental illness bowel disease.
Another personalized medicine application is within the disease prevention. Utilizing sequencing technologies, susceptibility to disease could be analysed, permitting a aim upon prevention with both lifestyle and treatments changes.
Another personalized medicine advantage is the depletion of trail-and-error prescriptions. Initial prescriptions are often genetic variations not effective due, signify that patients should tried a range of drugs to explore one that working for them. Personalized medicine approaches do detect genetic predisposition to highly cholesterol, which do making patients stick to their lifestyle changes as they know the risk.
The drawbacks of personalized medicine
Despite numerous profits of personalized medicine, as previously describing, there are also numerous drawbacks which could the future of healthcare prevent it.
A basic concern of the increased utilization of personalized medicine is the privacy ethical issue of patient. For example, there are concerns that few might not utilize this info in an ethical manner, like insurance companies who might not offer some policies to those with genetic susceptibility. There are also other ethical concerns like incidental findings.
Furthermore, there are many problems within the legal sector. For example, there are issues within intellectual property rights, as certain argue that make a advancements only accessible to few will hold back the future personalized medicines development. Additionally, regulation laws would have to be reassessed, as they presently could not be apply to personalized medicine.
What is personalized and precision medicine?
Would a teenage boy purchase the similar clothes as his grandmom? Probably not. But when they getting sick, they’re likely to be presented the similar medical treatment, despite their numerous differences. And so would everyone else.
That’s as even the world’s best doctors and scientists don’t fully understand yet how different people generated disease and responded to treatments. The result is a “one-size-fits-all” approach to medicine that is broad population averages based. This traditional practice often misses its mark as each human genetic makeup is pretty differ from everyone else’s, often in very significant manner that influence health.
The precision medicine advent is moving us nearer to more precise, powerful and predictable health care that is custom tailored for the individual patient. Our progressing understanding of genomics and genetics— and how they driving health, drug and disease responses in every human — is enable doctors to serve good disease prevention, more precised diagnoses, safer drug instruction and more effective treatments for the numerous diseases and conditions that diminished the health.
Tailoring health care to every humans unique genetic makeup – that’s the promising plan behind precision medicine, also unevenly signify as individualized medicine, genomic medicine or personalized medicine.
What are the profits of precision medicine?
Throughout history, the medicine practice has huge way been reactive. Even today, we usually must waited until the diseases onset and then tried to treated and cure them. And as we don’t complete understand the genetic and environmental factors that cause major diseases like Alzheimer’s, cancer, and diabetes, our efforts to treat these diseases are often unpredictable, ineffective, and imprecise.
The treatments and drugs we devised are tested on broad populations and are prescribe the usage analytical averages. Consequently, they working for some patients but not for a great many others, due to dissimilarity genetic among the population. On average, some specified prescription drug now on the market only work for half of those who had taken it.
Personalized medicine, as it is based on each patient’s unique genetic makeup, is beginning to traditional medicine limitations overcome. Increasingly it is admitting health care supplier to:
shifting the prominence in medicine from reaction to averting
predict sensitivity to disease
improve disease observation
preempt disease development
modified disease-prevention strategies
prescribe more successful drugs
Ignore prescribing drugs with expected side effects
Reduce the failure, time, and cost rate of pharmaceutical clinical trials
eliminate trial-and-error inefficiencies that blown up health care costs and eroded patient care.
Overall, there are numerous legal and ethical issues which poses a threat to the personalized medicine future. However, there is no deny that there are copious advantages within this medical care approach, with minimal side effects and increased effectiveness. Therefore, it could be declared that overall, the healthcare future is personalized medicine.