Diabetes mention to a group of diseases that impact how your body utilizes blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is significant to your health as it’s an necessary source of energy for the cells that make up your tissues and muscles. It’s also your brain’s cells main source of fuel. The main cause of diabetes vary by type. But, not really matter what type of diabetes you have, it can follow up to excess sugar in your blood and that may lead upto serious health problems.
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- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blur vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, like gums infections and skin infections
To understand diabetes, initially you should understand how glucose is usually processed in the body cells.
How insulin works
- The pancreas discharge insulin into the blood vessels.
- The insulin flow, permit sugar to enter your cells.
- Insulin lessen the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.
- As your blood sugar level falls, so does the discharge of insulin from your pancreas.
What’s my risk for developing type 2 diabetes?
- You’re at an bigger risk for spreading type 2 diabetes
- Have multiple gene mutations associated with type 2 diabetes
- Have a family history of diabetes
- Have identified with high blood pressure
- Are age 45 years older
- Are overweight
- Are physically active less than some times a week
- Have had diabetes while pregnant
- Have given birth to a infant who weighed more than 9 pounds
- Have a little level of HDL, familiar as good cholesterol
- Have a high level of triglycerides
- Have depression
- Have a history of stroke or heart disease
- Have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Have acanthosis nigricans
Genetic testing for type 2 diabetes
Other factors are more correct predictors of whether you’ll generate type 2 diabetes, including:
- Body mass index (BMI)
- Your family history
- High blood pressure
- High triglyceride and cholesterol levels
- A history of gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. However, the healthy lifestyle solutions that supports to nurse prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can also assist prevent them:
- Eat healthy foods.Choose meals higher in fiber and lower in fat and calories. Do concentrate your diet to whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Get more physical activity.Aim for about 50 minutes of aerobic activity on maximum days of the month, or at least good timeline of doing moderate aerobic activity a month.
- Lose excess pounds.If you’re overweight, lose out even 8% of your body weight —as it can reduce the risk of diabetes.